The evolution of Indian museums

Have you ever been allured by an art form in a museum or gallery? Ever wondered about the origin of the spectacular Indian arts? The Indian art form dates back to pre-historic settlements in the 3rd millennium BC. With the changes in the time, Indian art has had both cultural influences, as well as religious influences such as Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.

Thanks to the influence of the ancient Roman and Greek explorers, Indian art forms have continually evolved over a thousand years. The prehistoric rock paintings were the first ever art made by the Indians. Apart from this, paintings, sculpture, architecture, and jewelry making are the other famous art forms of ancient India. The art galleries and museums across the nation clearly depict the Indian art history with the relics of the bygone eras.

In India, the concept of a museum was basically a colonial imposition. Its establishment comes under the colonial views of knowledge about India with some ideological purpose of giving an identity to the Indian history. Museums are the ideal way to learn about the history, society, and the culture of our land.

Indian Museums are amazing sources of knowledge a you can see numerous things of cultural, artistic, traditional, historical, and objects of scientific interest. If you want to learn more about the Indian culture, history, art, civilization, architecture, and religion, then the museums are the perfect place to do so. Museums are perfectly called as the “storehouse of history”, as you can know things like how folks of ancient times lived, what they utilized and what items they made.

The majority of the museums in India are unique and have things related to a particular area or field like fine arts, history, museum house, archaeological finds, general, and science and technology. Have you ever wondered why the museums have such an importance in our country? The truth is the museum tells the life of man from surviving the harsh environment over the years to the stunning things created by man and nature. It houses the cultural soul of any nation.

The first museum collection in India was initiated in the year 1796. The Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, which was established in 1784 decided to preserve and display whatever it had collected. In the year 1814, the society was able to start a proper museum and since then it was called as “Indian Museum”. The museum was further segregated into two sections: one for Archaeology, Ethnology and Technology and the other one for Geology and Zoology.


In the meantime, in other parts of the country the concept of museum sprang up. In year 1819 efforts were made to construct a museum in Madras (presently called as “Chennai”), but it took a long time to come up with a solid plan. After a few years, the pathology museum of Grand Medical College was opened in Bombay, which became the first medical museum in Asia. It was not until the year 1863 that museums were also opened in cities like Lucknow and Nagpur.


 After that, other museums were established gradually at Bangalore in 1965, Faridabad in 1867, Raipur in 1875, Jaipur in 1887, Rajkot in 1888, Pune in 1890, Baroda in 1894, Trichy in 1895. During the 20th century, when Lord Curzon was the viceroy of India, there was an outburst of support for opening archaeological museums all over the nation. After some time, museums were also constructed at Baripat in 1903, Sarnath in 1904, Agra in 1906, Jodhpur in 1909, Delhi Fort in 1990, New Delhi in 1949, Calcutta Ashutosh Museum in 1937. Currently, India houses 120 museums throughout the country.


The importance of a museum is mainly cultural and educational and not plainly storing collections of unique objects. The goal of a museum slowly changed and it stopped to be just a collection of ancient things. The museum is a treasure house for folks who think beyond the routine human life. They play a pivotal role in safeguarding the anthropological record of the country. Anthropology started in museums and they continued to be closely linked with the discipline.

The museum is like a picture book of the history of humans and for study it is to improve one’s understanding of what humans have done and what humans can do. The universe of human like the universe of nature increases its limit daily before our eyes and it is in our museum that the story is protected for the visitors to come.

In the last century the museums have been regulated and have acquired a recognized position in the educational life of the civilized folks.  In modern society, it has become essential and indeed important for museums to rebrand their missions, goals, strategies, and functions to match the expectations of an evolving world.

Do you know the idea of a National Modern Art Gallery was initially the planet in 1949? The main museum in a New Delhi was established on March 29th, 1954 by the government of India. And do you know what the museum is widely open its branches at Mumbai and Bangalore?

History of National Modern Art Gallery, New Delhi

It is the collection of the whooping more than 14100 works involved by great artists such as Thomas Daniel, Raja Ravi Varma, Rabindranath Tagore, and Nandalal Bose moved their hand for this precious national Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi. The people who are living in New Delhi are well aware of this Grand museum, and they can visit the museum anytime.  

This is the beautiful and the perfect built from the Indian and foreign artists combined. This Museum will be remembered forever because of its oldest works and exhibition space.


The Delhi branch is one of the world’s largest modern Art Museum. It was situated in Rajpath around the India Gate. In 2009 a new era of the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi was in a grated with space more than six times to its actual area adding the new auditorium, a private theatre, conservation laboratory library, music shop, and academic section.


Everyone should know about the history and the importance of this national museum.


So what’s the special with this museum?

The gallery is the premier Institution of its kind in India it has the collection of modern sculptures by famous sculptors. It also has the largest collection of photographs Lala Deen Dayal, who is one of the pioneers of photography in India.

Who are the sculptors behind the Museum?

Debi Prasad Roy Chowdhury, Ramkinkar Baij, Sankho Chaudhuri, Dhanraj Bhagat, Sarbari Roy Chowdhury, and others had participated.

Visitor information

For visitors, the timings will be from 10:00 AM to 5 PM every day except Monday and holidays. It remains closed on holidays and Monday. This National gallery is famous for Indian history, modern Art promotion, and tourism. What about the people away from Delhi? Here is how they can reach.

How to reach national gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi?

Indira Gandhi International Airport is the nearest airport to this national gallery which is about 20 kilometers away. It will take 30 minutes to reach the gallery from the airport through cab for or any vehicle. You can also catch a bus to reach the gallery. The transportation facility will be very good because of the famous city in India, and also you can take a metro station which is in Central Secretariat.

What will be the best time to visit this museum?

You have to avoid extreme weather conditions because it will be more effective compared to other cities. You can avoid intense summer and the heavy winter season. From April to June and from September to November will be the extreme weather condition scenario. It is recommended to visit the National Museum when the temperature is sunny and cool as well.